The 11 commandments of the Internet in China

first_img News June 2, 2021 Find out more ChinaAsia – Pacific China’s Cyber ​​Censorship Figures ChinaAsia – Pacific Organisation to go further A study published by OpenNet on 5 July contains an interesting analysis of a law introduced last September to regulate online activity which Reporters Without Borders at the time dubbed the “11 Commandments of the Internet.” OpenNet explains how the law makes it impossible to set up an independent news website.The law distinguishes between three kinds of informational websites. The first encompasses authorised sites with a government licence which just republish news and information already disseminated by the official media. They must be registered with the authorities and obey the “11 commandments” and must not make any changes to the articles they reproduce.The second category consists of sites that carry not only reports from official sources but also reports and information that is only posted on the Internet and which they gather in an independent fashion. These sites must only cover subjects for which they have been officially accredited and must employ at least five full-time editors with at least three years’ experience with an official news agency. These restrictions above all concern Chinese web portals such as Sina.com and Sohu.com.The third category comprises all other sites. They are not only subject to the restrictions imposed on the first two categories but are also banned from publishing articles based on information which they themselves have gathered. They must employ at least 10 editors of whom five must have at least three years’ experience with an official news agency, and they must be registered by an entity with at least 10 million yuan (about 1 million euros) in capital.The full text in chinese—————-“You shall not spread rumours”, “You shall not damage state security”, “You shall not destroy the country’s reputation”. There are just three of the 11 commandments ordered by Beijing, on 25 September, aimed at bloggers and websites managers.Reporters Without Borders expressed concern at this latest turn of the screw in an ongoing crackdown on freedom of expression.”The Chinese authorities never seem to let up on their desire to regulate the Web and their determination to control information available on it ever more tightly,” the worldwide press freedom organisation said.“These new rules, announced with a fanfare by the official media, are certainly more intended to frighten Internet-users than to codify the use of the Net,” it said. “In fact there is nothing really new in these 11 commandments, which simply repeat that the party has the monopoly of the dissemination of information and that the media’s task is not to be objective but to relay state propaganda.“These moves to filter the Internet are nevertheless a sign that the Internet frightens those in power, in particular during a period of ever greater social unrest. It’s noticeable that the only new elements in the text relate to banning the calling of strikes or gatherings though the Net,” it said.The new rules, ordered by the state council information bureau and ministry of industry and information, are aimed at bringing into line all previous such edicts. According to the Chinese daily Beijing news (thebeijingnews.com), it contains 11 subjects forbidden to online editors. They are banned from putting out news that:- violates the basic principles of the Chinese constitution:- endangers national security, leaks national secrets, seeks to overthrow the government, endangers the unification of the country;- destroys the country’s reputation and benefits;- arouses national feelings of hatred, racism, and endangers racial unification;- violates national policies on religion, promotes the propaganda of sects and superstition; (Reporters Without Borders note: More than 30 members of the spiritual Falungong movement are currently behind bars for posting news on the Internet)- diffuses rumours, endangers public order and creates social uncertainty;- diffuses information that is pornographic, violent, terrorist or linked to gambling;- libels or harms people’s reputation, violates people’s legal rights;- includes illegal information bounded by law and administrative rules.Two completely new bans have been added to the nine rules above:- It is forbidden to encourage illegal gatherings, strikes, etc to create public disorder;- It is forbidden to organise activities under illegal social associations or organisations.Websites that break these new rules will be shut down and those running them will have to pay a fine that could reach 30,000 yuans (3,000 euros).Reporters Without Borders points out that 62 people are currently imprisoned in China for having posted articles on the Internet that the authorities deemed to be “subversive”. News RSF_en News March 12, 2021 Find out more China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison News September 26, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 The 11 commandments of the Internet in China April 27, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information Follow the news on China “You shall not spread rumours”, “You shall not damage state security”, “You shall not destroy the country’s reputation”. There are just three of the 11 commandments ordered by Beijing, on 25 September, aimed at bloggers and websites managers. Reporters Without Borders expressed concern at this latest turn of the screw in an ongoing crackdown on freedom of expression. Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes Receive email alertslast_img read more

Malaria mosquitoes

first_imgBy Phil WilliamsUniversity of GeorgiaA team of University of Georgia scientists has discovered 35 genes that contain important regulatory peptides in the malaria mosquito. The new information could point toward ways to control the disease, which kills millions of people worldwide each year.Included in the 35 are five genes that encode insulin-like peptides that probably have pivotal roles in the life cycle of the Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes. Being able to interfere with the action of these genes on a large scale could keep the mosquitoes from passing on parasites that cause malaria.”It’s important to know as much as possible about how these insects transmit malaria,” said Mark Brown, an internationally known mosquito biologist at UGA. “These genes offer new information on the regulatory processes that make the transmission of disease possible.”The research was published in the journal “Science” and was funded by the National Institutes of Health.Research teamOther researchers involved are Joe Crim and Stephen Garczynski of the UGA department of cellular biology; Michael Riehle, an entomologist, like Brown, from the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences; and Catherine Hill of the University of Notre Dame.Malaria is one of the planet’s deadliest diseases. It is one of the leading causes of sickness and death in the developing world. According to World Health Organization statistics from the late 1990s, 300 million to 500 million clinical cases of malaria each year result in 1.5 million to 2.7 million deaths.Children aged 1 to 4 are the most vulnerable. Malaria is responsible for as many as half of the deaths of African children under age 5. It kills more than 1 million children — 2,800 per day — each year in Africa alone. In regions of intense transmission, 40 percent of toddlers may die of acute malaria.Peptides govern reproductionAnopheles, the African malaria mosquito, develops fast in water. Its reproduction cycle begins with successive blood meals from humans. Regulatory peptides acting as neurochemicals and hormones govern these processes, so describing and understanding these peptides are crucial steps toward control.”At this point the exact function of these genes is speculative,” said Crim, a peptide-reception biologist. “None of these regulatory peptides was previously known for Anopheles. But their importance is clear.”The new study is part of an announcement made this week of a functional completion of the genome for Anopheles gambiae. The achievement, by a number of labs, could have an enormous impact on future control of the Plasmodium parasites with which these mosquitoes infect humans with malaria.BioinformaticsThe UGA team used bioinformatics — the study of gene databases on computers — to determine peptide-encoding genes in the Anopheles genome.Of particular importance was the revealing of five insulin-like peptides. The scientists followed intriguing hints that Plasmodium appears to use insulin from either the female mosquito or the vertebrate blood meal for its own development, metabolism and reproduction.The importance of that connection could be crucial to understanding how the parasites are passed to humans and create disease.”Since most peptide types exist as single-copy genes, each is a target for genetic interference,” Brown said, “both to unravel regulatory functions and in the long-term to engineer Anopheles where it is less hospitable for Plasmodium.”More genes?Crim said the computer program looked for genetic sequences and found candidates for regulatory genes. There may well be more than the 35 the team found. But these are the most obvious and first targets for intervention.The completion of the A. gambiae genome is crucial to scientists. But more in-depth knowledge is needed before they can find a way to make the mosquitoes less likely to deliver the parasites that cause malaria.To this end, the UGA scientists have begun cloning and expressing the genetic sequences. They will soon be able to determine their precise regulatory function in the mosquitoes, along with the receptors that allow the parasites to infect humans.last_img read more

Ireland gears up for Giro

first_img Press Association The cross-border start to one of the sport’s three Grand Tour races will be held over three stages from May 10-12 and will involve routes taking in Belfast, Armagh and Dublin. Michele Acquarone, head of the Giro and managing director of Italian race organiser RCS Sport, said: “Belfast will provide spectacular backdrops for the 2014 Grand Partenza (Big Start) and will add something very special into the history of this great cycling event.” The news follows the announcement in December that the first three stages of the 2014 Tour de France will be in England, with two in Yorkshire and the third finishing in London. The start of the 104-year-old Giro is normally hosted in Italy but in recent times has been awarded to an outside country every two years, most recently in Denmark last year. More than 200 of the top professional cyclists from across the globe will be in Northern Ireland to take part and there will be a supporting programme of events and activities. The Giro is expected to attract around £10million worth of international media coverage. Northern Ireland tourism minister Arlene Foster said: “Plans are already in motion to make the occasion a fabulous celebration worthy of Italian cycling traditions and the maglia rosa (pink jersey) itself.” Sir Bradley Wiggins has said he will focus on the Giro this year rather than defending his Tour de France title. There is a strong Irish connection with the Giro, with Stephen Roche winning the race in 1987. First organised in 1909 to promote the newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport, the Giro is now one of the world’s largest sporting events, watched at roadside by 12.5million spectators over the three weeks of the event. center_img Cycling’s prestigious Giro d’Italia will begin in Ireland next year, organisers have confirmed.last_img read more

Big Ten Media Days 2019: TV schedules, team dates and players attending

first_imgHere’s everything you need to know for BIg Ten Media Days 2019:MORE: Major storylines for all Power 5 media days The 2019 season will be a season of change in the Big Ten.That should certainly be reflected next week: Not only will longtime commissioner Jim Delany preside over his final Big Ten Media Days, it will also be the first since 2011 without Urban Meyer in attendance (considering what happened last year, it might be a quieter affair overall). That still begs the question: Is Ryan Day able to step into the giant shoes Meyer left, or will Jim Harbaugh and Michigan be able to take advantage of that transition? Also: Can the conference make it back to the College Football Playoff after missing it the last two seasons? Big Ten Media Days TV ScheduleBig Ten Media Days 2019 will air on the Big Ten Network on both Thursday, July 18 and Friday, July 19. The full programming schedule is listed below (all times Eastern):DateTime (ET)ProgrammingJuly 18NoonB1G Football Media Day: Part 1 of 2…2:50 p.m.BTN Live: Football Media Day Special — Part 1 of 2…7:30 p.m.B1G Football Media Day: Part 1 of 2…10:30 p.m.BTN Live: Football Media Day Special — Part 1 of 2July 196 a.m.B1G Football Media Day: Part 1 of 2…8:45 a.m.B1G Football Media Day: Part 2 of 2…11:45 a.m.B1G Football Media Day: Part 2 of 2…3 p.m.BTN Live: Football Media Day Special — Part 2 of 2…8 p.m.B1G Football Media Day: Part 2 of 2…11:30 p.m.BTN Live: Football Media Day Special — Part 2 of 2Big Ten Media Days team scheduleThursday, July 18 (noon-6:30 p.m.)Lovie Smith, IllinoisTom Allen, IndianaMike Locksley, MarylandMark Dantonio, Michigan StateP.J. Fleck, MinnesotaScott Frost, NebraskaRyan Day, Ohio StateFriday, July 19 (9 a.m.-7 p.m.)Kirk Ferentz, IowaJim Harbaugh, MichiganPat Fitzgerald, NorthwesternJames Franklin, Penn StateJeff Brohm, PurdueChris Ash, RutgersPaul Chryst, WisconsinMORE: Ranking Big Ten coaches for 2019Big Ten East players attending Big Ten Media Days 2019IndianaCoy Cronk, Sr., OLReakwon Jones, LBNick Westbrook, WRMarylandAntoine Brooks Jr., DBTino Ellis, DBAnthony McFarland Jr., RBMichiganBen Bredeson, OGJordan Glasgow, LBKhaleke Hudson, LBMichigan StateJoe Bachie, LBKenny Willekes, DERaequan Williams, Sr., DTOhio StateJonathon Cooper, DEJordan Fuller, SK.J. Hill, WRPenn StateCam Brown, LBBlake Gillikin, PJohn Reid, CBRutgersTyshon Fogg, Jr., LBTyreek Maddox-WIlliams, LBZach Venesky, OLMORE: Big Ten 2019 early conference primerBig Ten West players attending Big Ten Media Days 2019IllinoisReggie Corbin, RBNate Hobbs, CBAlex Palczewski, OTIowaMichael Ojemudia, DBNate Stanley, QBToren Young, RBMinnesotaCarter Coughlin, DLMohamed Ibrahim, RBTyler Johnson, WRCasey O’Brien, HNebraskaMohamed Barry, LBKhalil Davis, DLAdrian Martinez, QBNorthwesternPaddy Fisher, LBJoe Gaziano, DEJared Thomas, CPurdueMarkus Bailey, LBRondale Moore, WRLorenzo Neal, DTWisconsinTyler Biadasz, CChris Orr, LBJonathan Taylor, RBlast_img read more

Fishing the North Coast: High hopes for Saturday’s salmon opener

first_imgThe recreational salmon season is set to reopen this Saturday, and all the signs up and down the coast look extremely promising. The entrance, and Humboldt Bay itself, are still teeming with both sardines and anchovies. The coastline — both north and south and 2 to 3 miles in length — is also stuffed with bait. The water out front of Trinidad is holding the brown, cool water that salmon crave, and the birds are working over the big schools of bait.Salmon have also been seen swimming on the …last_img

Kurtenbach: The 49ers won the game but lost their identity

first_imgBut with the … Click here if you’re unable to view the photo gallery on your mobile device.SANTA CLARA — The 49ers showed poise, pragmatism, and resiliency in their 36-26 win over the Arizona Cardinals Sunday.Those are characteristics that have served them well all season — the characteristics of a playoff team in the NFL.And in overcoming their own failures to win Sunday, they put themselves a win or two away from effectively clinching a playoff berth — the team’s first since 2013.last_img

Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast, January 31, 2019

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Partly sunny and cold again today, but not as cold as yesterday. Temps will begin to moderate some today, and then overnight tonight we really do not see much of a low, as temps slowly rise. However, we do have a little clipper wave that comes through, bringing a chance of snow overnight through tomorrow. The snow will start after midnight and go through midday tomorrow. WE can see a coating to 2 inches over about 90% of  Ohio. Temps continue to moderate through the balance of tomorrow, climbing to near normal as clouds give way to sun. Monday Afternoon High temps 2/4/19Warm air builds through the weekend. Saturday, we have a mix of clouds and sun, with more clouds in the north, more sun in the south. Sunday is partly sunny state wide, and temps both days are well above normal. Monday will be our warmest day out of the coming forecast period, with temps in the 50s and 60s. The map at right shows potential Monday highs. Rain will start late on Monday and go through early Tuesday morning. Rain totals run from .05” to .4” with 50% coverage. Additional rain sweeps across the state for Tuesday, bringing another .25”-.75” with 80% coverage. This, with the warm temps will create a very greasy, muddy mess in many areas, with all current snow cover gone by that time frame. On Wednesday, we look for clouds to give way to some sun, and it will start to turn colder. We may end up with a little bit of snow near the Ohio river as we start off the day next Wednesday, depending on how fast the cold air advances south and east. The rest of the 10 day window is dry next week with partly to mostly sunny skies and cold air in place for Thursday through Saturday. Temps will move back to well below normal levels. WE are keeping a substantial frontal complex in the extended period forecast for the 10th and 11th. This system looks to have plenty of moisture but may be able to hold on to a stronger push of warm air ahead of the front’s arrival. Because of that, we are going to allow for rain or snow in our forecast, and perhaps even a rain changing to snow event. Until track is settled, we will allow for both solutions. We are looking at another system for around Valentine’s day that can also bring snow. The extended period does remain on the colder side of normal, through at least mid-month.last_img read more

Eden to host 3 matches but ICC rules out any India game

first_imgThe much awaited green signal has finally come to the Eden Gardens from the International Cricket Council (ICC).The Eden GardensStripped off the money-spinning India-England match by the ICC due to lack of preparedness, the Eden Gardens is set to hold the remaining three World Cup matches allotted to the venue.Kolkata fans can now look forward to some cricketing action as the venue is set to host the South Africa- Ireland match on March 15, the Ireland-Netherlands game on March 18 and the Zimbabwe- Kenya clash on March 20.Confirming the news that the threemember inspection team was happy with the progress in work, ICC CEO Haroon Lorgat said that the historical ground will hold the remaining matches. “I have received a preliminary report (after Monday’s inspection) and we are pleased with the progress made since January 25 and if that pace of work is maintained, we believe that the stadium will be ready for the games in March,” Lorgat said.An ICC official confirmed that a positive report has been sent to the tournament director which would be forwarded to the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB).”The report was sent this morning at 9am to the host tournament director with the request that it should be forwarded to the venue, in the usual manner,” he told MAIL TODAY. The CAB wanted the India- Ireland game to be shifted to Kolkata now that Bangalore already had the India- England match, but Lorgat squashed their hopes.”That will be extremely difficult. A shifting requires all sorts of logistical changes which may not be possible in such a short duration,” Lorgat said.advertisementAlthough the ICC will conduct two further inspections on February 14 and 22, a CAB official said that the report came as a huge relief after the January 25 fiasco when the ICC deemed the Eden unfit to host the February 27 match.”We are relieved. We were behind time, but we are not a new Test or ODI centre.Having held international matches for a while, I can assure you that although the ICC has decided to inspect the venue again, we are ready to hold World Cup matches,” he told MAIL TODAY . “It is easy to build new stadiums. But our establishment dates back to 1865. For us, while we brought in state- of- the- art facilities in keeping with the ICC’s guidelines, we had to ensure that we didn’t completely do away with our rich legacy.As a result, our work was very challenging,” he said.Some people have raised questions over the lack of giant screens and electronic scoreboard. But the CAB official said that the main work was done and the association was now waiting for the screens to arrive from BCCI.last_img read more