Top StoriesCitizenship Amendment Act(CAA) Is Unconstitutional Since It Distinguishes Between Persons On The Basis Of Religion:Justice Gopala Gowda Mehal Jain21 March 2021 5:17 AMShare This – x”The law laid down by the Supreme Court Constitution Bench judgement in 1994 in S. R. Bommai’s case says that no law can be enacted by the Parliament or by a state legislature on the basis of religion. According to me, the CAA, distinguishing between persons on the basis of religion, as per Bommai, is unconstitutional”, expressed former apex court judge, Justice V. Gopala Gowda on Friday.He…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”The law laid down by the Supreme Court Constitution Bench judgement in 1994 in S. R. Bommai’s case says that no law can be enacted by the Parliament or by a state legislature on the basis of religion. According to me, the CAA, distinguishing between persons on the basis of religion, as per Bommai, is unconstitutional”, expressed former apex court judge, Justice V. Gopala Gowda on Friday.He was speaking at the launch of the book ‘Citizenship, Rights and Constitutional Limitations’, authored by senior advocate Dr. K. S. Chauhan and published by Mohan Law House.The event was also attended by former Vice President of India Hamid Ansari.He indicated the factual situation prevalent in Assam, where the NRC exercise was undertaken in 2019, and where he had gone as a fact-finding committee chairman- “There are lakhs of people who were migrants decades and decades back but can’t prove their citizenship today. The NRC and NPR grant power to a person to confer status and determine fundamental rights of a person who has already been residing in India! So a person who is a nobody, who is the person who registers names, birth and death under the Act, is designated to conduct an enquiry! This is the plight of the persons in respect of whom citizenship is being determined!””It is the person who must establish (his claim), it is the person who must produce his birth certificate, it is him who must prove that one of his parents was born in this country! And all this after decades and decades! In a country where more than 50% of the population is illiterate and does not maintain the records!”, he urged.”After 70 years of Republic India, you amend the law and say that the persons of other countries, who have been harassed and are coming and residing here, will be recognised as citizens, while to the persons of Indian origin who are in Sri Lanka etc, who are here, no citizenship right will be given”, he continued.”And it is not one religion which is affected, the National Register of Citizens applies to each person regardless of the religion, we must remember!”, he stated.He urged that whether it is the farmers or women or any other section, whether in Assam, the Northeastern India or other parts of the country, irrespective of the religion, if the people who are being required to prove their citizenship are rendered stateless, it will result in a blatant violation of their human rights. Observing that in the Constitution Bench judgement of 1980 in Minerva Mills, the Supreme Court had observed that the judges are the custodian angels of the ongoing realities of the society, Justice Gowda urged the “human rights protectors, the law students, the legal fraternity and the courts to come forward to rescue them”. “Hundreds of cases are pending before the Supreme Court, which is the most independent and vibrant judiciary in the entire world. I request that this matter be taken up and disposed off expeditiously! It concerns every person of the country whose rights are required to be decided!”, he pressed.Justice Gowda elaborated that how the Architect of the Indian Constitution, Dr. BR Ambedkar, heatedly debated in the Constituent Assembly to reject the idea of granting citizenship based on religion, is testimony to the herculean task of incorporating such citizenship provisions in the Constitution so as to ensure fairness, inclusivity, equality and sophistication and an inherent sensitivity at the dawn of independence- “Dr. B. R. Ambedkar acknowledged that there is no other Article which has given the Drafting Committee so much trouble as this, considering how many drafts were prepared and how many were destroyed in the endeavour to cover all cases”Justice Gowda cited how a member of the Constituent Assembly, PS Deshmukh, had warned against going too far with the concept of secularity so as to wipe out Hindus and Sikhs in the name of secularity. Another member, Shibban Lal Saxena had also backed him and said that Hindus and Sikhs have no other home but India and that we must not let the phrase “secular” frighten us to say what is the fact and that the reality must be faced.Justice Gowda canvassed how the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, had said that adopting a secular approach towards citizenship was not a generosity but just what every country does, except for a few misguided and backward countries. Another member, Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, had resonated with these sentiments and said that in the grant of citizenship, we may distinguish between those who choose another country as their home and those who retain their connection with this country, but cannot do so on the basis of religion.”Citizenship is the fundamental building block of a nationstate. It is the quintessential DNA that powers life and vitality of a democracy. Any impairment of citizenship renders a democracy dysfunctional. It is the interplay of status, rights and identity which determine the efficacy of citizenship in a democracy. Citizenship is understood as equal membership of a political community christened as a State. It confers a certain typology of rights, benefits, entitlements, obligations and sense of identity and belongingness in a given social political canvas”, he explained.”Dr BR Ambedkar considered the complexity of the issue and predicted that the debate on this issue shall continue to perpetuate, and hence, emphasised the role of the nascent Indian parliament in enacting a comprehensive statute or code for citizenship as envisaged under Article 11 of the Constitution. He said that it is not possible to contemplate every kind of case for the purpose of conferring citizenship on the date of commencement of the Constitution and that if any category is left out, power is granted to the Parliament to make provisions for the same. The genesis of the Citizenship Act of 1955 has to be appreciated in this background. The statute has been resilient and dynamic, in having undergone massive changes, but also ageing gracefully, over time. The citizenship right and its constitutional limitations are to be examined on the touchstone of the UDHR 1948″, explained Justice Gowda.Justice Gowda defined the present times as one when “the countrymen are facing a great crisis and the rule of law is at stake and the problems of citizenship rights are enormous”.Next Story
Harps come back to win in Waterford Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR By admin – November 11, 2020 WhatsApp Pinterest WhatsApp News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Business Matters Presenter Ciaran O’DonnellFor this week’s podcast, Ciaran O’Donnell speaks to Milford native, Brendan McBride, who decided to train as a business executive coach in 2006, after 20 years in sales and marketing roles with leading brand names.He also talks to Deirdre Bradley, Chairperson of the Carndonagh Traders’ Association and owner of Deirdre’s At The Diamond, about how important the click-and-collect system has been in keeping her business going since mid-October.Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Business-matters-11th-Nov.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Twitter Facebook AudioBusinessMattersHomepage BannerNewsPlayback Previous article‘They never want this to happen again’ – Family Solicitor of Bridie KellyNext articleAction needed on waiting list for driving tests – Doherty admin Google+ Facebook Twitter Business Matters Ep 19 – Brendan McBride & Deirdre Bradley Google+ DL Debate – 24/05/21 Pinterest
RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter By News Highland – January 29, 2021 Facebook Facebook Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows WhatsApp Previous articleCalls for Inishowen to be prioritised in coastal management strategyNext article22 Covid related deaths and 669 new cases confirmed in North News Highland Pinterest Google+ Case of Bird Flu confirmed in Donegal WhatsApp Publicans in Republic watching closely as North reopens further Pinterest Homepage BannerNews Community Enhancement Programme open for applications A case of Bird Flu has been confirmed in Donegal.The Department of Agriculture says a confirmed case of Avian Influenza was confirmed in a whooper swan discovered in the Redcastle area on Wednesday.To date, there have been 26 cases of wild birds with Bird Flu, in 24 separate events in Ireland since early November.The disease was also confirmed in a turkey flock in Wicklow on 10th December and in two separate poultry premises in Northern Ireland in January this year.Poultry owners are advised to familiarise themselves with the clinical signs of the disease and report any suspect cases to the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine immediately. Google+ Twitter Renewed calls for full-time Garda in Kilmacrennan
Radiocarbon and uranium-thorium dating results are presented from a genus of calcitic Antarctic cold-water octocorals (family Coralliidae), which were collected from the Marie Byrd Seamounts in the Amundsen Sea (Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean) and which to date have not been investigated geochemically. The geochronological results are set in context with solution and laser ablation-based element/Ca ratios (Li, B, Mg, Mn, Sr, Ba, U, Th). Octocoral radiocarbon ages on living corals are in excellent agreement with modern ambient deep-water Δ14C, while multiple samples of individual fossil coral specimens yielded reproducible radiocarbon ages. Provided that local radiocarbon reservoir ages can be derived for a given time, fossil Amundsen Sea octocorals should be reliably dateable by means of radiocarbon. In contrast to the encouraging radiocarbon findings, the uranium-series data are more difficult to interpret. The uranium concentration of these calcitic octocorals is an order of magnitude lower than in the aragonitic hexacorals that are conventionally used for geochronological investigations. While modern and Late Holocene octocorals yield initial δ234U in good agreement with modern seawater, our results reveal preferential inward diffusion of dissolved alpha-recoiled 234U and its impact on fossil coral δ234U. Besides alpha-recoil related 234U diffusion, high-resolution sampling of two fossil octocorals further demonstrates that diagenetic uranium mobility has offset apparent coral U-series ages. Combined with the preferential alpha-recoil 234U diffusion, this process has prevented fossil octocorals from preserving a closed system U-series calendar age for longer than a few thousand years. Moreover, several corals investigated contain significant initial thorium, which cannot be adequately corrected for because of an apparently variable initial 232Th/230Th. Our results demonstrate that calcitic cold-water corals are unsuitable for reliable U-series dating. Mg/Ca ratios within single octocoral specimens are internally strikingly homogenous, and appear promising in terms of their response to ambient temperature. Magnesium/lithium ratios are significantly higher than usually observed in other deep marine calcifiers and for many of our studied corals are remarkably close to seawater compositions. Although this family of octocorals is unsuitable for glacial deep-water Δ14C reconstructions, our findings highlight some important differences between hexacoral (aragonitic) and octocoral (calcitic) biomineralisation. Calcitic octocorals could still be useful for trace element and some isotopic studies, such as reconstruction of ambient deep water neodymium isotope composition or pH, via boron isotopic measurements.
Shareholders in Purplebricks have voted to sign off the company’s deal with German media giant Axel Springer, enabling the Berlin-based company to invest £125 million in the hybrid estate agent.Some 27.7 million ordinary shares in Purplebricks worth £100 million will now be issued and allotted to Axel Springer by the directors of the hybrid agency.This money will be spent on accelerating its fast-moving roll-out in the US, supporting entry into new markets – which is likely to mean in the Europe where Axel Springer is a player in the portal market – and also fund an upgrade of its digital CRM and property search systems.Purplebricks vendor marketingThe cash injection will also be spent on new tech to offer “additional advertising and marketing options for sellers”.The agency won’t expand on what this means, but this could include offering vendors Google or other online marketing options, or Purplebricks enhancing its offer as a rival to Zoopla and Rightmove.Yesterday’s shareholder sign-off now means Axel Springer has an 11.5% stake in Purplebricks, paid for at £3.60p a share, a 15.8% premium on its current share price.The remaining £25 million of the German company’s investment has been spent on buying seven million shares off from Michael Bruce, his brother Kenny and non-exec director William Whitehorn. The rest is likely to have been swallowed up by the transactions’ legal costs.Whitehorn joined as a non-exec in 2013 in order to beef up Purplebricks’ board with his high-level experience at several blue chip companies including train and bus operator Stagecoach – crucial during the early years before it launched.“The Board believes that this is a major strategic advance for the Company and that Axel Springer’s expertise and funding should enable Purplebricks to achieve its strategic goals and global ambition more quickly and effectively,” a spokesperson said.Read more about the Axel Springer back story. Purplebricks axel springer April 19, 2018Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Home » News » Agencies & People » Purplebricks shareholders vote to sign off £125m Axel Springer deal previous nextAgencies & PeoplePurplebricks shareholders vote to sign off £125m Axel Springer dealNearly 100% of City investors in the hybrid agency agree to give German media giant’s share buy-up the green light.Nigel Lewis19th April 201801,602 Views
Industry news At Fleet Base West the Prime Minister and the Minister for Defence announced that the ex Royal Fleet Auxilliary Landing Ship Dock Largs Bay is to commission into the Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Choules.Many of you will recall that former Chief Petty Officer Claude Choules passed away in May of this year, our centenary year. He died in Perth at the age of 110. This was a significant moment when the world lost its last living link with those who had served in WW1.Claude Choules was born in England two days after the birth of Australia’s Navy in March 1901. Like the ship that will bear his name, Claude started his Naval service in the Royal Navy, in his case in 1916. He came to Australia on loan in 1926 and soon decided to transfer to the RAN. He was a member of the commissioning crew of HMAS Canberra (I) in 1928 and in 1932 became a Chief Petty Officer Torpedo and Anti Submarine instructor.During WW2 Claude was the acting Torpedo Officer in Fremantle and the Chief Demolition Officer on the west coast. He transferred to the Naval Dockyard Police after the war so that he could continue to serve, He finally retired in 1956.In thinking about our past during our centenary year I have been struck by the stories of the tens of thousands of everyday Australians who have made the Navy what it is today. While we honour individual acts of heroism, these others also deserve some form of recognition for their service. In naming the ship after Claude Choules we not only acknowledge his forty years of service in peace and war but the contribution of all who have faced the unremitting hazards of the sea and the challenges of conflict in the last century. The naval service demands endurance and self-sacrifice and, by its nature, much goes unseen. The Navy’s history has included many fierce battles but it is also marked by the patient and devoted patrol, surveillance and escort work which has ensured that Australia and its allies have been able to use the sea to achieve victory. Our sailors past and present have gone about the vital work that we do without fuss or fanfare, often in extreme danger, generally under less than ideal conditions but always with their own unique combination of humour and devotion to duty. Claude Choules, as much as any, epitomises this tradition.The pennant number of HMAS Choules will be L100, further reinforcing the link to the centenary of the Royal Australian Navy and those who have served in it throughout our history. HMAS Choules will be an exceptional addition to the fleet. The ship will commission in Australia later this year.[mappress]Source: navy, August 15, 2011; Back to overview,Home naval-today Royal Australian Navy to Name HMAS Choules View post tag: Royal View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Choules View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy Share this article View post tag: name August 15, 2011 View post tag: Australian View post tag: HMAS Royal Australian Navy to Name HMAS Choules
It is a great pleasure to be here in Jakarta, my first stop of a 2-week; 6-country; 9-city visit across South East Asia.Over the last year, since I was appointed Minister for Asia and the Pacific, I have criss-crossed the region – from Beijing to Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur to Kathmandu, Hanoi to Honiara.Over the next 2 weeks I will be adding Brunei, Manila, Vientiane and Phnom Penh to that list, as well as covering some familiar ground.It has been a privilege to meet a host of people from all over Asia, as well as the significant Asian diaspora in the UK. But I rarely have the opportunity to talk about the UK approach to Asia as a whole. Today I’d like to put that right.Ours is an approach that encompasses All of Asia, and as such I would venture to say that we are following in your ancestors’ footsteps. As far back as the seventh century, the Sri-vi-jayan Empire, based right here in modern day Indonesia, built flourishing trade routes that spanned the whole of Asia, from India to China – and across South East Asia.Engaging with all the nations and regions of Asia was the right approach in the seventh century, and it is even more so today, as the whole world tilts towards this diverse continent, with its enormous opportunities as well as some real challenges.I should say that my passion for Asia long pre-dates my appointment as Minister. You might say I was born with it.In 1962, my parents married just across the Sea of Java in Singapore. My father was stationed there with the British Army. I grew up hearing their stories about life in Asia. My interest grew stronger when I first visited over 20 years ago. It was already so different from my parents’ photographs and change continues apace.Quite rightly, the UK’s relationship with Asia has changed too, from that of my parents’ time more than half a century ago, to the partnership we enjoy today, with our eyes firmly fixed on the future.I have seen plenty of evidence of that myself, but I have been struck too by the region’s sheer diversity. To any Asian audience this is obvious.With a population of well over 3 billion people, more than 2,000 languages, and a vibrant mix of faiths and communities, Asia is both everything you can imagine, and nothing you would expect – diversity at its finest.But most of all I have been staggered by the palpable sense of energy right across the region. Booming tourism, smart technology, prodigious flows of business and trade. Growth rates the western world could only dream of. The economic ingenuity of the people. A dynamic drum-beat of enterprise that is setting the rhythm around the globe.And crucially it is a drum-beat that is being driven by the young. More people live in Asia than in the rest of the world combined, and over one third are under the age of 25. Asia represents the future of this planet.All of this explains why the UK government operates an ‘All of Asia’ policy. And I use the phrase ‘All of Asia’ deliberately.We have sometimes been accused of being too focused on the largest economies in the region to the exclusion of others. That was not true in the past and it is not true now.For centuries the UK has recognised the tremendous opportunities in the region. The context may have changed, but we have been engaged in All of Asia ever since.All of Asia is not just a catchy phrase for think tanks, academics, and the media – and I am aware some of those industries’ esteemed representatives are here today! It is a reality.That is why the UK has over 50 diplomatic missions across Asia, including in all 10 members of ASEAN. And it is why we are expanding still further, opening 3 new Posts in the Pacific and boosting the numbers of diplomats posted in the region.There are hard-headed reasons for doing so. Decisions taken by Asian nations directly affect British security and economic interests.If we are to engage effectively, we must be active and present right across the region. This is why I have made a point of covering as much of the ground as possible myself.By the end of this trip, I can proudly say that I will have visited all 10 ASEAN countries in just over a year, and some twice. That I hope shows how much this vital pillar of the continent matters to the UK.The conversation with ASEAN member states on our post-Brexit relationship with ASEAN is well underway, to ensure we maintain a close bond through a formal connection that is as broad and ambitious as possible. Of course, the UK has long had strong bilateral ties across this region, be it through governments, businesses, schools, and critically our peoples. But once the UK is outside the EU, our room for manoeuvre will be greater.Many of my counterparts recognise the brief period of uncertainty this brings, but speak enthusiastically of the new opportunities for bilateral co-operation with the UK that will follow. And yes – that includes new free trade agreements and enhanced trading partnerships.Partnership is central to all we do in Asia. All of Asia is about working together to promote and protect the things that matter most to all of us, both directly between nations and through the multilateral institutions we hold dear, as we will do with our Indonesian friends on the UN Security Council from January.So what are the key issues? Where do we hope to strengthen cooperation?We see 3, which are my priorities as Minister for Asia and the Pacific: prosperity, security and values.It is with the basic freedoms and values we hold so dear – those enlightened and humane values which have deep roots in the soil of Asia – that I should like to start.The UK will continue to be a steadfast advocate of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. We believe people here in Asia – and the world over – should be free to express themselves and live the lives they choose.It means being free to engage in healthy debate, both face to face and online. It means being able to practise our faith or change it without fear of discrimination, or being free to have no faith at all. It means being valued for what we can contribute, regardless of our religion, gender, ethnicity or sexual orientation. It means making the most of our diversity.In the words of Indonesia’s national motto – Unity in Diversity.It is why the UK supports these freedoms and continues to promote them right around the world. It is why, for example, we stand up for the rights of the people of Hong Kong and for the principle of ‘One country, two systems’.In this year alone, I have discussed concerns about freedom of religion or belief in Nepal and Pakistan.During my recent trip to China, I raised our concerns about the region of Xinjiang amid reports of oppression and re-education centres.In Burma/Myanmar, I have highlighted the need for those who have perpetrated atrocities to be brought to justice. In Thailand and Cambodia, I have encouraged the authorities to create the conditions for elections that are free, fair and transparent.And in the Maldives, we have joined with partners in speaking out against those who seek to undermine the democratic process.These examples illustrate some points of concern, but there are also powerful examples of how open societies and democratic principles have won through.With over 800 million voters, India is right to boast of being the world’s largest democracy.Malaysia’s elections provided an emphatic endorsement of the power of democracy – something that is already vibrant in Indonesia.And in the months ahead I look forward to seeing the people of Thailand, Bangladesh and Afghanistan – as well as here in Indonesia – express their views at the ballot box.The UK’s next priority across Asia is our common prosperity. It is central to the successful, thriving and sustainable societies of the future. Many of the industries that will be vital for building that successful future are still in their infancy, as indeed are the regulations that will govern them. We can work together now to fashion a common approach.And while we should celebrate the fact that a number of Asian countries have reached or are reaching middle-income status, we all know that across the region, there remain huge disparities in wealth, education and opportunity.Many governments face a serious challenge in creating quality jobs to meet people’s aspirations: in India alone, a million new job seekers enter the market every month.This is where I hope the UK can offer support to partners across Asia, in 4 key areas.The first is education.Our global campaign to promote 12 years of quality education, especially for girls, was endorsed by 53 leaders at April’s Commonwealth Summit in London, including 18 from Asia.Since 2011, we have supported more than 6.8 million primary school children in Pakistan, and a similar number in Afghanistan.In South East Asia, our Education is GREAT Campaign is reaching out to more than 660 million people, promoting the value of education and the English language – the official language of ASEAN.Meanwhile the largest number of overseas students in the UK are from China; and the 5 branch campuses of UK universities in Malaysia – as well as others in China – demonstrate the huge appetite for top quality British education, as does the fierce competition for our prestigious Chevening scholarships.Second, we are working together to improve the business climate – vital to encourage investment and create the jobs of the future.Across Asia, we will invest over £200 million through our Prosperity Fund and other programmes to help lift people out of poverty, by improving the conditions in which they are able to do business.Here in Indonesia, we are helping develop a robust digital procurement system that will reduce corruption and increase transparency.In the Philippines we have supported the Government with their Ease of Doing Business Act. And we have recently concluded an MOU with the United Nations Development Programme to help promote a fairer business environment within ASEAN.Meeting the demand for modern infrastructure across All of Asia is vital to ensure the continent is free, open and prosperous. Not just to get millions more people physically from A to B efficiently and sustainably, but also to connect them virtually, so they can access the online market place.The UK has world-class professional and financial expertise to help Asia meet that demand and to source the funds it needs to support jobs, sustainable growth and prosperity. We have cutting-edge technical know-how and world-leading financial clout in the City of London, a constituency I have been proud to represent as an MP for more than 17 years.London is the undisputed global centre for infrastructure finance, a natural hub for Green Finance, a vital contributor to new international financial products such as Indian rupee-denominated Masala bonds, underwritten in London, and a growing hub for international Islamic Finance.It may come as a surprise to some that the UK was the first Western nation to issue a sovereign sukuk – or sharia-compliant bond – and that, to date, the London Stock Exchange has issued over $48 billion of these bonds.I have also had the pleasure of attending the launch of two Indonesian Komodo Bonds in London.We recognise the importance of China’s Belt and Road Initiative for meeting Asia’s infrastructure needs.That is why we have appointed a dedicated Envoy for Professional and Financial Services who is working to promote our unique offer and to ensure that investments in Belt and Road are the right ones and meet high international standards.The third area is research, innovation and everything associated with the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’.Technology self-evidently holds the key to unlocking many of the problems the world faces. The UK and our Asian partners’ strengths in science, technology and innovation mean we have a great deal to offer each other.I saw some of the fruits of this cooperation for myself at a robotics and regenerative medicine lab in Osaka, where I simultaneously found myself in the future and the past when I came face to face with Leonardo da Vinci reincarnated in robot form!When I was in China last month I saw many examples of our collaboration with Chinese institutions. I met Professors from Oxford, Cambridge and King’s College London and saw an impressive UK-China research centre working on plant science in Beijing. This kind of collaboration is at the heart of people-to-people relationship with China, bringing mutual prosperity.And in India our UK-India Technology Partnership will work in areas like AI in healthcare, electric vehicles and advance manufacturing to create new opportunities for growth and jobs.The fourth area of cooperation under the prosperity umbrella is about laying the groundwork for future Free Trade Agreements and trade partnerships across the region.The UK has always been and will continue to be a global champion of free and open international trade.After Brexit, we will work quickly to establish a new economic partnership based on the final terms of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement. Japan is the second biggest source of non-European FDI into the UK. Thanks in part to our Japanese friends, a vehicle comes off a British production line every 20 seconds.We will also seek to transition EU Free Trade Agreements with Singapore, Vietnam and Republic of Korea, while exploring new opportunities, such as FTAs with Australia and New Zealand, potential membership of the CPTPP, and enhanced trading partnerships across the region.But we all know that there can be no lasting prosperity without security. That is why it is so important that we – the UK and all the countries of the region – work together to uphold the rules-based international order.The UK has plenty to offer. We are a permanent member of the UN Security Council, a committed member of NATO, the G20 and the Commonwealth, and an active participant in the Five Power Defence Arrangements in South East Asia.We have a world-class military. We are the only G20 member to spend both 2% GDP on defence and 0.7% of GDP on overseas development. We have stood shoulder to shoulder with Japan, South Korea and other countries in denouncing nuclear adventurism by North Korea.And it is why we urge all parties to respect freedom of navigation and international law in the South China Sea, including the ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague.Our money and military presence are playing their part across Asia. As one of the few countries able to deploy air power 7,000 miles from our shores, in 2016 we sent our Typhoons to train with Japan, South Korea, and Malaysia for the first time.Our Royal Navy has deployed two ships to the Asia Pacific this year – HMS Albion and HMS Sutherland, with more of our world class fleet due to visit by the end of the year. Our almost unbroken naval presence provides a visible demonstration of the UK’s commitment to enforcement of UNSC sanctions and to peace, security and prosperity in the region.We are strong members of the Five Power Defence Arrangements with Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Singapore. British Forces Brunei have remained there since independence, at the invitation of His Majesty the Sultan.And we are enhancing security and defence relationships elsewhere in the region, through joint military exercises with South Korea and Thailand, among other things.We are committed to a secure, free, open, inclusive and prosperous Indo-Pacific, playing an active role in maritime security in the Indian Ocean region through military, multilateral and commercial engagement and capacity building.We have used our expertise in maritime domain awareness to support regional initiatives in the Indian Ocean region.As the world’s primary hydrographic charting authority, I can proudly report we are taking steps to chart the ocean with partners, helping to improve safety at sea, trade routes and security.We are also building a new framework for cyber security cooperation with India and other countries in the region. And we are strengthening counter terrorism cooperation, with a new Regional Counter Terrorism Hub.Asia also faces challenges related to ongoing and past conflict. We have an enduring commitment to Afghanistan, as shown by our recent commitment to a troop uplift, and we are working with the international community to help Afghanistan become more stable, secure and self-reliant.The meeting of religious scholars here in Jakarta in May did much to advance the religious narrative in favour of peace.Elsewhere, we are clearing landmines in Cambodia; and providing over £129 million of assistance to date to the Rohingya people from Burma who have been forcibly displaced from their homes.These are all tangible signs of our commitment to All of Asia, and our wish to further intensify our partnerships in the region. Crucially, they also illustrate our determination to ensure that disputes in the region are resolved, not through force, militarisation or coercion, but through dialogue and in accordance with international law.I have given just a small snapshot of UK activity across Asia. I hope I have demonstrated emphatically that our All of Asia policy is broad, ambitious and focussed on the future.It recognises that Asia will be the crucible in which the world of the 21st century will be forged – fuelled in large part by the energy, creativity and entrepreneurship of the millions of young people growing up in Asia today.And our All of Asia policy is tailored to the things that will matter most to them: getting a good education, finding a decent job, having their rights respected and feeling confident that their future is secure.It is about working together, with all of Asia, in a partnership of equals. Working together to build a future that is safer, more free and more prosperous. A future in which we can all contribute fully, and achieve our full potential.I look forward to working with you all towards this shared goal. Thank you very much.
In the Queen’s Head Pub at Harvard, a battle of wills raged over a pair of Red Sox tickets.“I have 800, I’m looking for nine,” called auctioneer Charlie Rose, senior vice president and dean of City Year. “Listen, don’t let him take these from you — they’re right behind home plate!”While such a showdown might seem familiar, the coveted tickets were just one of the donated items up for grabs at the ninth annual Summer Urban Program (SUP) auction held Tuesday. The Phillips Brooks House Association (PBHA) event, which featured both a silent and a live auction, raised funds to run 12 summer day camps for low-income children and teens from the Greater Boston area, minimizing summer learning loss and funding meaningful youth employment. The auction traditionally earns about $50,000 to fund such programs.“SUP provides structured summer learning opportunities for young people who otherwise wouldn’t be able to afford other camp or programming experiences,” said Maria Dominguez-Gray, the Class of 1955 Executive Director of PBHA.“Everyone experiences summer learning loss, but without this programming, the children we work with can fall further behind every year. As a result, they may have a very significant achievement gap among children with means and children who don’t have the same opportunity. That’s why I think the event is so successful: it brings together family and supporters from all walks of life to ensure that we’re able to continue providing these programs.”“I have 800, I’m looking for nine,” called auctioneer Charlie Rose, senior vice president and dean of City Year. “Listen, don’t let him take these from you — they’re right behind home plate!”Andrew Iannone ’12, director of Cambridge Youth Enrichment Program (CYEP), said the auction’s success was crucial to his program, which serves 160 students from low-income backgrounds in Cambridge, as well as the continued success of PBHA.“It’s amazing to see such high-quality, meaningful, and impactful work being done by a student-run, staff-supported organization,” Iannone said. “On paper, it seems like PBHA would make no sense: What Harvard student would have time to do these sorts of things?“But it’s so rewarding to see the passion and hard work that have evolved out of students working together to address challenges in the community. As Cambridge residents, we owe it to the city to give back. There’s also this growth of support and leadership in the students that we serve, and to be able to play a part in that means a lot. It makes me feel like the work we’re doing really does matter,” he added.“The auction is a great way for the Harvard community to show support for us,” said Lauren Gabriel ’14, director of the Refugee Youth Summer Enrichment Program (RYSEP), which teaches ESL to recent immigrants and refugee high school students from low-income families. “It takes a whole community to keep it going. Without the support from the auction, we would not be able to provide these great programs.”“It’s impossible not to be impacted by the work you do at PBHA,” said Gabriel. “It’s a great way to experience Cambridge, and it makes you think about social equality and social justice. It’s impossible not to be affected by that.”
In early April, 181 U.S. scholars, artists and scientists were named 2012 Guggenheim Fellows, including two Notre Dame faculty members. Both professors Margot Fassler and Olivia Remie Constable are faculty in the Medieval Studies program. According to the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation’s website, the award is commonly thought of as a “midcareer” award for candidates who demonstrate notable prior achievement as well as exceptional promise for the future. Recipients this year were selected from a pool of almost 3,000 applicants. Constable, director of Notre Dame’s Medieval Institute, said her work is centered on the interactions between Christians and Muslims in southern Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries. “Next year, I will be writing a book on Christian perceptions of Muslims living under Christian rule in southern Europe in a period when Christians had conquered large areas that had once been under Muslim control,” Constable said. The research itself will focus on the relationships between the Christians and Muslims, she said. “I am looking at how this relationship worked, and at Christian understandings of what was needed for Muslim neighbors to remain Muslim,” Constable said. “This includes studying Christian attitudes toward Muslim dress, whether Muslims could continue the call to prayer and have public religious processions, etc.” Constable said her work focuses on the shifts in attitudes and the increasing discord between the Christian and Muslim communities during this time. “At first, in the century or so after the [Christian] conquests, none of these aspects of Muslim life presented a major problem for the Christians … over time, however, the continuation of these distinctive Muslim ways of life and religious practice became an increasing problem for Christians,” she said. “Eventually, in Spain, the Christian administration decided that it was no longer possible for Muslims and Christians to live together, and all Muslims were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula. I’m studying how and why this change in attitude took place.” Fassler’s work is also in the 12th century, centering on the figure of Hildegard of Bingen, a prominent Catholic nun who is in the process of being named one of the four female Doctors of the Church. “Hildegard of Bingen was a brilliant theologian, but unlike any other theologian ever, she was also a composer, author, artist and monastic reformer,” Fassler said. “I’m especially interested in her enormous treatise titled ‘Scivias’ and its depiction of the 12th-century view of the cosmos.” Fassler said the “cosmic egg” structure of Hildegard’s painting of the universe is remarkably similar to Aristotle’s earlier secular visions and even bears some resemblance to the modern scientific images of Big Bang expansion digitally created by scientists like George Smoot. “With the money from the Guggenheim Fellowship, I should be able to complete a book about Hildegard’s treatise as well as a digital model of her cosmic vision complete with music she composed,” Fassler said. She said she plans to project the model in the Notre Dame Digital Visualization Theater located in the Jordan Hall of Science. “With the model, I can show the layers of the painting and zoom in on different aspects as we go through,” Fassler said. “It will be incredible to go through her vision with her music, seeing the cosmos as she described them.” Fassler said among her favorite parts of the work is the many fields of inquiry it draws upon. “Study of the cosmos blends the sciences and the humanities,” Fassler said. “This project involves physics, astronomy, history of science, theology, music, drama, and the visual arts.” Constable and Fassler said they find it remarkable that two colleagues at Notre Dame received the fellowship in the same year. “I think that it is testimony to the strength of Medieval Studies at Notre Dame, and to the strength of our medievalist faculty, that we both won a Guggenheim fellowship in the same year,” Constable said. “We really have some amazing scholars working on the Middle Ages at Notre Dame who are doing innovative and fascinating work in many different fields.” Fassler said the support of the Notre Dame academic community as a major factor for her success. “I owe it all to the wonderful people who wrote for me [for the fellowship] and supported me,” Fassler said. “I love the way that Notre Dame truly encourages its faculty to be entrepreneurial.” Contact Ann Marie Jakubowski at [email protected]
Over two crop seasons, the National Pecan ShellersAssociation collected fresh pecans from several states for thestudy.”It was a really good, national, geographically viablesampling,” said Ron Eitenmiller, a food scientist with the UGACollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.”Significant pecan cultivars were selected from Arizona, Texas,Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia and other pecan-growing states.”Eitenmiller analyzed the samples in his Athens, Ga., lab.He found the pecans’ nutritional profiles to be constant amongcultivars and across regions.”The vitamin E content looks to be pretty stable from year to year as well,” he said. “This work shows that pecans are not only a really good source of vitamin E. They are also aconstant source.”Pecans contain the alpha tocopherol form of Vitamin E that humans best absorb, Eitenmiller said.”Vitamin E is the primary antioxidant we use,” he said.”It protects our bodies when chemical reactions produceoxidative stress, which can be dangerous.”Vitamin E comes from plants. “We have to get vitamin Efrom our diet because our bodies don’t produce it,” Eitenmillersaid. “The major sources are edible oils from soybeans,peanuts, tree nuts, peanut butter, shortening and those kindsof foods.”Connie Crawley, an Extension nutritionist with UGA’sCollege of Family and Consumer Sciences, offers suggestions ongetting the best of pecans’ vitamin E into your diet.Use a small kitchen scale to weigh 1-ounce portions of nuts. Then chop and store them in single-serving containers.”Then you can sprinkle them on your cereal at breakfast or on your salad at lunch,” she said. “They’re a very concentrated source of calories. This way you’re not tempted to eat too many.”Nuts and natural vegetable oils are the preferred sourcesof vitamin E. Sunflower seeds are the highest source, Crawleysaid. The UGA study found pecans have vitamin E levels similarto those in almonds, pistachios and walnuts and higher thanthose in cashews, macadamia nuts and dry-roasted peanuts.But getting all your vitamin E from pecans isn’t a good idea.”There’s really almost no way to get the recommendedvitamin E in your diet from pecans,” Crawley said. “You’d haveto eat a whole lot of nuts. The recommended dietary intake forvitamin E is relatively low, and some nutrition groupsrecommend taking a supplement containing 200 to 400 milligramseach day.”Deciding whether to take supplements is a choice youshould be make with your physician’s advice, she said.Vitamin E isn’t pecans’ only good quality.”There’s good information coming out about peanuts andtree nuts being really good sources of monounsaturated fat,”Eitenmiller said.”They also have other components that help withcholesterol,” he said. “The pecan industry has studied theimpact of pecans on serum cholesterol and found that they lowerit if you routinely ingest them.”When eaten before meals, pecans can actually suppress your appetite, he said. Crawley agrees.”Eating any fat before your meal will make you feel full,” she said. “So, eating a small amount, like an ounce or 10 nuts, as an appetizer or snack before meals may take the edge offyour hunger.”But when it comes to eating pecans and other high-fat nuts, you have to develop a delicate balance.”Studies show pecans and other nuts can help reducehypertension when eaten several times a week,” Crawley said.”They contain beneficial fiber, and they’re a source of proteinthat’s low in saturated fats.”Compared to other high-fat foods, nuts are a good choiceas long as you can control your portion size. “But that’s thehard part,” Crawley said.